Fundamental Elements

What is Fundamental Elements?

Fundamental Elements is a EU R&D funding mechanism supporting the development of EGNSS-enabled chipsets, receivers and antennas. The Fundamental Elements projects are part of the overall European GNSS strategy for market uptake, led by EUSPA. The objectives of the Fundamental Elements can be summarised as following:

  • Facilitate the adoption of the European GNSS Systems, building on their innovative services and differentiators;
  • Improve the competitiveness of EU industry;
  • Address user needs in priority market segments;
  • Maximise benefits to European citizens.
  • The total budget for all the projects, to be carried out from 2015 – 2020, is EUR 101 million.

With the new framework, there is a second round of Fundamental Elements Programme, which will be a continuation of the previous successful one. The closer focus will be on:

  • The continuity of being driven by user needs in all market segments 
  • Operational implementation of current differentiators:
    • E.g. OS-NMA, HAS, triple frequency
  • Prepare for commercial implementation of new differentiators
    • E.g. Early Warning Service, CAS, ARAIM
  • Develop emerging, disruptive technologies (e.g. leveraging machine learning, artificial intelligence) 
  • Explore synergies with other space systems on user technology
    • E.g. Copernicus, GovSatCom

Complementarity with H2020 and Horizon Europe

Fundamental Elements complements the EU’s Horizon 2020 and also with its successor Horizon Europe research programmes. Horizon Europe, on the one hand, aims to foster adoption of Galileo, EGNOS and Copernicus mostly via content and application development and supports the integration of services provided by these programmes into devices and their commercialisation. Fundamental Elements, on the other hand, focuses on supporting the development of innovative chipset and receiver technologies that industry would not yet invest in on its own initiative, thus accelerating their integration of Galileo, EGNOS and Copernicus into market-ready devices.


Using the GNSS downstream value chain, it is possible to visualise the logic between the two research and development initiatives as shown in the figure below.

GNSS downstream value chain

Targeted market segments

Fundamental Elements projects aim to develop market-ready chipsets, receivers and antennas. The markets targeted by these end-products comprise, in varying proportions, end-users from all segments, including: Aviation and Drones, Consumer Solution, Agriculture, Geomatics, Rail, Road, Maritime, Infrastructures, Energy, Finance and Space.

Updated: Sep 07, 2021