By providing reliable and accurate positioning for the automotive industry, European GNSS (Galileo and EGNOS) supports innovative applications that are underpinning the smart mobility solutions of the future. The European GNSS Agency (GSA) showcased a number of cutting-edge automotive projects that leverage Galileo’s added accuracy at its stand at this year’s ITS World Congress in Singapore.
A range of automotive safety and liability functions benefit from the enhanced performance provided by Galileo. These include precise navigation systems, autonomous vehicles and assisted driving, cooperative ITS, and usage-based insurance and road pricing schemes, in addition to automated eCall emergency response and intelligent speed adaptation. All of these functions require secure and robust positioning, and this was the focus of many of the projects showcased at the GSA stand.
Security and robustness
One of the projects showcased was Foster ITS/DracoNav. This project is developing the first highly-secure GNSS receiver for ITS, supporting Galileo OS authentication and providing the highest levels of robustness and security. FOSTER ITS products will be Galileo, EGNOS, GPS and GLONASS-enabled and will offer greater resilience against an increasing range of GNSS threats by detecting attacks, informing users about the reliability of the positioning, and providing proof of the integrity and origin of position, velocity and time data.
Also focused on resilience to attack, the GalilEo Authenticated Robust timing System (GEARS) project aims to provide a Galileo-based timing receiver for critical infrastructure. The prototype to be developed and validated will embed relevant new technologies and innovations to reach the required level of security and robustness. The receiver will provide improved robustness against GNSS spoofing and jamming threats with RF interference detection and mitigation techniques.
Focused on security in the more general sense of the word, the TransSec project is developing an intelligent road transport security system in response to the recent rise in vehicular terror attacks across Europe. Using the reliability provided by Galileo, TransSec has achieved advances in GNSS positioning, map data and map matching. On-board environment sensors and V2X communication are all combined in a local dynamic map that can be used for movement monitoring, critical area alarm, pre-crash object detection and non-defeatable emergency manoeuvres.
New generation applications
In automotive transport, lane-level positioning and map matching are among the biggest challenges for navigation systems. To meet this challenge, the inLane project is proposing a new generation of low-cost, lane-level, precise turn-by-turn navigation applications through the fusion of EGNSS and Computer Vision technology. With the help of crowdsourced real-time updates, inLane will generate local dynamic maps (LDM) that provide advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) with enhanced dynamic scene information.
Watch this: European GNSS for Smart Mobility
The PATROL (Position Authenticated Tachograph foR OSNMA Launch) project is developing the first external GNSS facility for smart tachographs, with Galileo Open Service Authentication (OS-NMA). The project is developing a user terminal that benefits from Galileo authentication, allowing users to verify that the navigation data received from satellites is genuine. The user terminal is compliant with the new tachographs regulation, which entered into force in June 2019. It provides trusted position and time using satellite navigation systems, acting as an external GNSS facility (EGF) for smart tachographs.
Finally, German certification and testing organisation NavCert was present at the GSA booth, where it introduced projects it is assessing in the areas of automated driving, robust timing, railway optimisation, eCall emergency response and unmanned aerial systems.
ITS World Congress
The ITS World Congress is an annual international conference and exhibition focused on Intelligent Transport Systems. The 2019 Congress theme of “Smart Mobility, Empowering Cities” reflects how harnessing technologies and digital innovations will empower cities to overcome transportation challenges and shape the new mobility landscape.
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